It has also become evident that civic humanism owes much to thereaction of the Florentine upper classes to popular uprisings in thefourteenth century and is as much an ideology of social control as itis a language of liberation from medieval hierarchies. More generallyit is clear that there was a great deal of difference between thecelebratory rhetoric of humanists in the pay of the republic and thesocial and political realities of Renaissance Florence. This concernsnot least the aggressive policy of conquest and domination pursued byFlorence that was as much or more the cause of the Milanese wars as wasVisconti expansionism.
Renaissance Humanism is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood....
The Classical In Humanism – Introduction to the Renaissance
At the same time, there was greater use of stories from classical mythology - showing, for example, icons like Venus the Goddess of Love - to illustrate the message of Humanism.
Resource: The Western Tradition
(1) A reverent revival of Classical Greek/Roman art forms and styles; (2) A faith in the nobility of Man (Humanism); (3) The mastery of illusionistic painting techniques, maximizing 'depth' in a picture, including: , and, later, ; and (4) The naturalistic realism of its faces and figures, enhanced by oil painting techniques like .
Renaissance Art: History, Characteristics
Inspired by secularism and the classics of ancient Rome and Greece, the Italian Renaissance was a cultural evolution that spurred some the world’s finest arts, music, architecture, and literature.
Humanism - Some History | Humanism
1. Influenced by the artistic achievements of Classical Greece and Rome. Particularly in sculpture and architecture---Renaissance artists often imitated classical works.
The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening
Ludovico Gonzaga ( 1414-78) Marquess of Mantua, was a typical Renaissance ruler in his aptitude for politics and diplomacy, in his encouragement of humanist learning and in the cultivated taste that led him to form a great art collection and to employ Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) as court painter.
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According to the Italian painter, architect, and Renaissance commentator Giorgio Vasari (1511-74), it was not merely the growing respect for the that drove the Renaissance, but also a growing desire to study and imitate nature.
Renaissance man turned his gaze backward in historical time
The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and were the best models for a person to live by.