Handbook of the Indians of California.

On April 27, 1863, nearly five months after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, California abolished its system of forced apprenticeship for American Indians. Under the apprenticeship provisions of the state’s Act for the Government and Protection of Indians, several thousand California Indians, mostly children, had suffered kidnapping, sale and involuntary servitude for over a decade.

California Indian Tribes and Languages

7 The Tribe is listed as the Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of
the Barona Reservation on the Federal Register Notice dated January 30, 2018.


CALIFORNIA tribes: Main Access Map and tribes listing

California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians - Wikipedia

“By the mid-1860’s only 34,000 Indians remained alive in California, a 90% attrition rate, comparable to the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1917. Finally, in the 1870’s, the federal government began moving on creating Indian reservations in southern California. 13 were created between 1875 and 1877. By 1930 another 36 reservations had been created in northern California” (Gjohnsit, 2014).


California Indians - Department of Anthropology - UC …

The Republican campaign to abolish Indian servitude ran up against nearly a century of coerced Indian labor in California. Under Spanish and Mexican rule, thousands of California Indians worked on missions and ranches, bound to their employment through a combination of economic necessity, captivity, physical compulsion and debt.

California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians - …

With the United States’ conquest of California in 1847, the discovery of gold in 1848 and the formation of a state government in 1849, new American lawmakers expanded and formalized Indian servitude to meet growing demands for labor. The 1850 Act for the Government and Protection of Indians authorized whites to hold Indian children as wards until they reached adulthood. Indian adults convicted of vagrancy or other crimes could be forced to work for whites who paid their bail.

CALIFORNIA'S INDIANS Flashcards | Quizlet

James Marshall discovered gold on the morning of January 24, 1848 as he was building a saw mill for Johann Sutter. In the following years over 100 thousand Euro-Americans would make their way to the golden state in search of fame and fortune. The indigenous population faced a new wave of settlers that not only threatened their territories but also their lives. By the end of the Gold Rush period California’s indigenous population laid at the brink of extinction. Legislation with roots in Manifest Destiny and dehumanization helped lead Euro-Americans to commit the greatest act of genocide in American history.

California Indians – lara trace hentz

“California’s first bond of $400,000 was issued in 1854, to fund the bounty on dead Indians and the costs of extermination. Also in 1850, the state passed a law, ironically named the Act for the Government and Protection of Indians, giving the state authority over Indians, including land settlements and denying even the federal government any trust role or authority to negotiate treaties” (Pico 2007).