Most of Ontario's black settlements were in and around Windsor, Chatham, London, St Catharines and Hamilton. Toronto had a black district, and there were smaller concentrations of blacks near Barrie, Owen Sound and Guelph. Saltspring Island and the city of Victoria were the main locations for black settlers in 19th-century British Columbia. Migrants to Alberta early in the 20th century established several rural settlements around Edmonton. Until recently, most of Canada's black population was relatively isolated not only from whites but from other black communities. The pattern began to break down in the 1930s and 1940s as rural blacks migrated to the cities in search of jobs. Many of the original black settlements were abandoned or considerably depopulated.
The story of the Great Migration begins about 100 years ago, at the beginning of the 20th century. Between 1910 and 1970, an estimated 6 million African Americans left the South. When it was done, it had transformed the USA. At the turn of the century, about nine in 10 African Americans lived in the South, predominantly in rural areas. At the time, the three states with the biggest black populations were Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama. By 1970, New York, Illinois and California had the most African Americans.
See on justkui raamat, aga tegelikult hoopis mäng