South Africa's apartheid government responded to this opposition by "red-baiting," or overemphasizing the influence of communism and communists in the ranks of the "Nonwhite" opposition forces. This approach paved the way for many incarcerations and assassinations of anti-apartheid activists.
Long Night's Journey into Day is centered upon South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The TRC has been a multi-year process of investigations and hearings that goes toward the heart of race and class matters in apartheid South Africa. The process has included investigating and documenting the stories of more than 22,000 victims and 7,000 perpetrators of the apartheid system. The film depicts four specific sagas from the apartheid system and the struggle opposing apartheid. All are about ordinary people, not famous names like Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu or Winnie Mandela. They are representative stories, characteristic of the anguish, pain and suffering which thousands endured, both under apartheid and during the struggle to overthrow it.
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Long Night's Journey into Day is a film about ending apartheid racism and the process of reconciliation in South Africa. In another sense it is a film about racism and the difficulty of reconciliation in the United States.
Apartheid | Definition of Apartheid by Merriam-Webster
The film is hard for some black Americans because it reveals injustice that is not entirely resolved in the end. The intense frustration and long-simmering anger we feel as black people living in the United States propels us, I think, towards a politic of revenge. It is extremely trying for us to assume the deliberative quest for the restorative justice, discussed by Archbishop Tutu in the film, as opposed to the more natural drive for retributive justice. Viewing the film, most black Americans will identify with the anger of ANC combatant Robert McBride and the four youth who killed Amy Biehl. And it will seem outrageous that anyone who killed activists in the service of apartheid would be given amnesty. But Mandela, Mbeki and the South African experience itself reminds us that rage is not discipline. It does not win wars and develop countries. Further, it should be recalled that retribution has never been the political rationale of the South African liberation struggle.
Sisonke Msimang claims Australia's treatment of …
1984 - P. W. Botha becomes State President, taking on sweeping new powers. In December, Archbishop Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his anti-apartheid campaigning. At the same time, a vigorous Free South Africa Movement grows up in the United States, focusing on local and state divestment.
But there are famous people who are
The issue of violence and the use of violence in a political struggle provides a rich opportunity for educational dialogue. The actions taken by perpetrators described in the film afford an occasion for mock trials or mock TRC hearings in which fundamental ethical and legal questions can be examined. Though constructs, they can be substantive exercises in which students and others can probe real and ongoing issues within both the South African and US criminal justice systems, concerns such as capital punishment and the treatment of juvenile offenders.
LONG NIGHT'S JOURNEY INTO DAY - Facilitator Guide
1955 - The Federation of South African Women forms. Anti-apartheid activists boycott Bantu Education. Coloured voters are disfranchised. Group Areas Act causes forced removals of 60,000 Africans from Johannesburg's Sophiatown and Western townships. Congress of the People, an ANC allied united front, adopts the Freedom Charter at Kliptown, near Soweto, which sets forth guidelines for non-racial democracy in South Africa. 20,000 women march on Union Buildings in Pretoria, petitioning against racist legislation.