When we think of the blind poet Homer with relation to Ancient Greece, the first thing that comes to our mind is his beautiful epic poems Iliad and Odyssey. While there is disagreement, whether Homer alone wrote these poems or many other people, the 'analysts' and the ancient Greek people and the 'unitarians' are on Homer's side. These poems were an important part of the Greek culture as they were written during the famous Trojan war era.
This 5 page report discusses how the classical philosophers ofGreece could no more comprehend the nightmare of the 9-11 attackthan could 21st century Americans. And yet, the harshness of thereality of ancient Greece was also painfully evident in everydaylife. The model that such philosophers labored over to frame theconcept of justice has valuable insight and implications for thismodern world. This paper briefly considers the ides of justice asseen by Hesiod, Sophocles, and Homer. Bibliography lists 3sources.
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There is also much debate about how Homer composed such long poems, because for people now to memorize such long stanzas, seems impossible. It's said some editor merged all his works as one whole epic. The fact that uncomfortable transitions from topic to topic in his poems supports the argument.
An argument that has tried to subsidized with the reasoning that lengthy works can be composed orally by poets whose recitations belong to a long tradition of storytelling. The oral poet constructs his poem from verbal formulas, groups of two or more words that have already been composed in order to serve recurring needs in the narrative. These may be used, for example, when the poet wishes to reintroduce a character that he has already described.
Many scholars agree that Iliad and Odyssey underwent change and were improved during the 8the century from the original material. Athenian tyrant Hipparchus played an important role in this improvement. The refinement of the Homeric text must have involved the production of canonical written text.
While Iliad and Odyssey have become famous, his Homeric Hymns have not remained far behind. The Homeric Hymns are short poems celebrating the various Gods. The styles if the Homeric Hymns are same as the Iliad and Odyssey, the reason for which they are attributed to Homer.
As Homer was non-literate how these poems were written are arguable. Perhaps, he dictated his poems to a scribe who wrote them. The Greek alphabet was also introduced around the 8th century so Homer must have been among the first rhapsodes who were literate.
Roman copy of a lost Hellenistic original of the 2nd c
In 776 B.C., a new era began for athletes. The first Olympic Games were held in Olympia, Greece. The Olympic Games we have come to watch today are only part of what the first Olympic Games used to be. In the ancient games people also competed in poetry, mathematics, architecture and sculpture. At the first Olympic Games there were only foot races as sports events, but as the Olympics grew more popular events like wrestling, boxing, chariot racing, horse racing, javelin tossing, Discus throwing, and the Pankration were added.
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The Olympics were originally played because the Greeks wanted to please their gods and goddesses. Back in those days it was an honor to be an athlete because it was pleasing to Zeus. During these sacred games honoring the gods, all Greek city-states even stopped fighting and many men (women were not allowed) came to watch or participate in the games. Because the Olympics were religious ceremonies people came from as far away as Spain to compete, or even to just watch the games. Many people did this so they could return home to boast and tell stories of their athletes greatness at the Olympics. The Olympics were not only a way to show athletic skill, bravery and competitive spirit, but they were also another way to show how proud people were of their country.
The ancient Olympics were also a way to settle arguments between city-states. For some people to be in the Olympics was a life long dream. They were able to serve their gods proudly on the sacred land around Mt. Olympia where the Olympian gods and goddesses lived. A big difference between the ancient Olympic games and our modern ones is that women were not even allowed to attend the ancient games. They could not compete like the women can these days. Apparently, Zeus, the father of all the gods, was pleased to see the bravery displayed only by men.
The ancient Olympic Games were ended by the Roman Emperor Theodosius, who was Christian, and felt that games dedicated to pagan gods should be stopped The Olympic Games were not played again until the early 20th Century.
The first modern Olympics were began in 1916 and had 41 countries competing in these first modern games. That has incressed to 197 countries now, and is quite popular
Medicine in ancient Greece and Rome - OpenLearn - …
. Although today the Olympics only happen every four years, in ancient times they held the games every two years. Today, there are two Olympic competions, one for winter games and one for summer games. Althought at first the modern games were only for amatur athletes, today professionals are also being allowed to compete. All over the world athletes train for the greatest athletic games on earth, the Olympic Games.