1983 removes requirements that doctors provide patients with information on alternatives to abortion, fetal development, and medical risks of abortion, in addition to other regulations.
ABORTION: Medical and Social Aspects
Warren M. Hern, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.
originally published in Encyclopedia of Marriage and the Family, Volume I
David Levinson, Editor in Chief. Simon & Schuster MacMillan, 1995.
What is the definition of abortion
Abortion is one of the most difficult, controversial, and painful subjects in modern American society. The principal controversy revolves around the questions of who makes the decision concerning abortion — the individual or the state; under what circumstances it may be done; and who is capable of making the decision. Medical questions such as techniques of abortion are less controversial but are sometimes part of the larger debate.
Abortion Clinic Florida -- abortions to 12 weeks
Deep disagreements have emerged in moral theory regarding how muchis demanded by obligations of beneficence. Some ethical theories insistnot only that there are obligations of beneficence, but that theseobligations sometimes demand severe sacrifice and extreme generosity inthe moral life. Some formulations of utilitarianism, for example,appear to derive obligations to give our job to a person who needs itmore than we do, to give away most of our income, to devote much of ourtime to civic enterprises, etc. It is likely that no society has everoperated on such a demanding principle, but it does seem embraced, atleast abstractly, by a number of moral philosophers—arguably evenon Kant's theory of the categorical imperative (although, as alreadymentioned, Kant seems to deny such scope to obligatorybeneficence).
Abortion: Medical and Social Aspects - Dr. Hern
Any country that accepts abortion is not teaching its people to love, rather, to use violence to get what they want” -- Mother Theresa If the people who have worked on finding a cure for cancer had been aborted, where would the world be at today....
The Case Against Abortion: Rights of Personhood
By contrast, some moral philosophers have claimed that we have nogeneral obligations of beneficence. We have only duties deriving fromspecific roles and assignments of duty that are not a part of ordinarymorality. These philosophers hold that beneficent action is virtuousand a commendable moral ideal, but not an obligation, and thus thatpersons are not morally deficient if they fail to act beneficently. Aninstructive example is found in the moral theory of Bernard Gert, whomaintains that there are no moral rules of beneficence, only moralideals. The only obligations in the moral life, apart from dutiesencountered in professional roles and other specific stations of duty,are captured by moral rules that prohibit causing harm or evil. InGert's theory, the general goal of morality is to minimize thecausation of evil or harm, not to promote good. Rational persons canact impartially at all times in regard to all persons with the aim ofnot causing evil, he argues, but rational persons cannot impartiallypromote the good for all persons at all times.
By definition, humanity and personhood go hand in hand
Family. An abortion affects not just one person, but many. A mother thinks about whether another child will make it more difficult to give the necessary love and support to the children she already has. The family may face stressful economic conditions that make it hard to make ends meet. A couple with two jobs may feel their lives will become impossible with the birth of a child. Whatever the decision, the couple's own parents, siblings, friends, and extended family may play a role by providing emotional support for or opposition to the decision.